丘吉尔的英文介绍

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温斯顿丘吉尔,被认为是20世纪最重要的政治领袖之一,带领英国获得第二次世界大战的胜利。下面小编为大家整理的丘吉尔的英文介绍,希望对大家有用! 丘吉尔的英文介绍 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was a British politician and statesman known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. He is widely regarded as one of the great wartime leaders. He served as Prime Minister twice (19401945 and 19511955). A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the Bri在线英语培训哪家好,韦老师tjxay.com有十年教学经验。tish Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. To date, he is the only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and he was the first person to be made an honorary citizen of the United States. Churchill was born into the aristocratic family of the Dukes of Marlborough. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a charismatic politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jenny Jerome, an American socialite. As a young army officer, he saw action in British India, the Sudan and the Second Boer War. He gained fame as a war correspondent and through books he wrote about his campaigns. At the forefront of politics for fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before World War I, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war, he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign, which he had sponsored, caused his departure from government. He then served briefly on the Western Front, commanding the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Air. After the War, Churchill served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative(Baldwin) government of 19241929, controversially returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-War parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy. Also controversial were Churchills opposition to increased home rule for India, and his resistance to the 1936 abdication of Edward VIII. After the Conservative Party lost the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition. In 1951, he again became Prime Minister, before retiring in 1955. Upon his death, The Queen granted him the honour of a state funeral, which saw one of the largest assemblies of world statesmen ever. 在通向胜利的漫长岁月里,丘吉尔在其演讲中多次发出战斗到底的誓言,表达了英国人民的心声。他说:我们将永不停止,永不疲倦,永不让步,全国人民已立誓要负起这一任务:在欧洲扫清纳粹的毒害,把世界从新的黑暗时代中拯救出来。我们想夺取的是希特勒和希特勒主义的生命和灵魂。仅此而已,别无其他,不达目的,誓不罢休。丘吉尔在世人心目中已成为英国人民英勇不屈的斗争精神的集中象征。 丘吉尔的头上戴有许多流光溢彩的桂冠,他是著作等身的作家、辩才无碍的演说家、经邦治国的政治家、战争中的传奇英雄。1953年,他被授予诺贝尔文学奖。他在一生中多次经历的议员竞选中,在议会的辩论中,尤其是在第二次世界大战中的重要时刻,发表了许多富于技巧而且打动人心的演讲,给人们留下了极深的印象。他来生最愿意做的事也是想跟某人对话:他的来生是想与王尔德对话。丘吉尔之所以青睐奥斯卡王尔德很大程度上是因为王尔德的机智与辩才。的确,为丘吉尔树立了永垂不朽的丰碑的不仅是他的作品和演讲,而且是他作为一个政治家和反法西斯斗士的光辉业绩。他一生中的大部分时间都当选为议员,曾多次在内阁中担任要职。他经历了许多次政治上的升沉起伏,每次都以不屈不挠的努力,从不畏惧的斗志战 胜艰难险阻而达到自己的目的,最终登上了光辉的顶峰,在英国处于历史危机的严峻关头,成为众望所归的政治领袖。

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